Anxiety Drugs

Anxiety is a problematic condition which is characterized by chronic worry, heart palpitations, stomach upset, trembling and sweating. Anxiety is ordinarily experienced in response to stressful situations but when the anxiety becomes excessive it can adversely affect the normal functioning of individuals. Treatment of anxiety can include therapy as well as anxiety drugs:

Medication can be used for treating anxiety primarily by providing relief from symptoms associated with this condition. Medication cannot be a long term solution to the problem. Anxiety drugs also result in side effects and so it is important to do a proper evaluation of the condition and to weigh all the benefits and drawbacks before opting for medication.

Anxiety drugs that can be prescribed for treatment of this condition include traditional anti anxiety medicines like benzodiazepines. New medicines for treating this condition include beta blockers and antidepressants. The medicines can effectively provide relief from the anxiety symptoms. The anti anxiety medicines are also called tranquilizers as these medicines slow down a person’s central nervous system and provide relief.

The common benzodiazepines that are prescribed as a part of anxiety drugs include valium, ativan, klonopin and xanax. These medicines are fast acting and provide relief in around thirty minutes and so these are particularly effective in a panic attack. These drugs however make people feel foggy, sleepy and uncoordinated and so they can cause problems in both personal as well as professional areas.

Other side effects of anxiety drugs include drowsiness, confusion and disorientation, slurred speech, blurred vision, dizziness, depression, nausea, memory loss and impaired thinking. Benzodiazepines also result in emotional blunting and depression. Many people who take these medicines also experience paradoxical reactions that include mania, aggressive behavior, impulsiveness, hallucinations and hostility and rage.

Certain other anxiety drugs have become quite popular in recent times and these are prescribed as alternatives to tranquilizers. Selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors, newer atypical antidepressants, tricyclic antidepressants and monoamine oxidase inhibitors can also be prescribed for treating anxiety. Antidepressants are preferred over the traditional anxiety medicines as the possibility of abuse and dependency is low.

The antidepressants most prescribed as part of anxiety drugs treatment include Paxil, Celexa, Lexapro, Prozac and Zoloft. These medicines are used for treatment of panic disorders, general anxiety disorder and obsessive compulsive disorder. Some side effects associated with these medicines include headaches, sleepiness, nausea, dizziness, weight gain and stomach upset.

Buspirone is one of the new anxiety drugs that have been prescribed in recent times. This drug works by increasing the serotonin level and decreasing dopamine in a person’s brain. This drug is slow acting and takes around two weeks to relieve the symptoms of anxiety. This drug however does not have a sedating effect as some of the older anti anxiety drugs. Some common side effects of buspirone include upset stomach, nausea, headache, dizziness, dry mouth.

Beta blocker medicines are typically used in treatment of heart problems as well as high blood pressure. However these medicines are also used in treating anxiety and they work by blocking effects of norepinephrine which is a stress hormone that is responsible for causing the fight or flight reaction of the body. These medicines thereby help in controlling the physical symptoms of anxiety which include rapid heartbeat, sweating, shaky hands, dizziness and trembling of the voice.

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